When you make a swap in a Raydium liquidity pool, the fees charged range from 1% to 0.01% depending on the pool you are swapping through. Those fees are distributed following this repartition:
- 88% is redeposited into the liquidity pool and acts as a reward for liquidity providers.
- 12% is used to buy back the RAY token
Network fee: A nominal amount of SOL is also required to process Solana network fees on each trade. Most transactions cost between 0.0001 — 0.001 SOL.
Price impact is the difference between the current market price and the expected price for a trade. Price impact is primarily determined by the size of your trade relative to the amount of liquidity in the pool. As the number of tokens you buy from the pool increases, the price of the token increases as well. This unfavorable change in price is called price impact.
If you are swapping in a pool with very low liquidity, you may receive a very poor price for your swap. If you see a high price impact when swapping, try trading a smaller amount or swapping in a pool with higher liquidity.
Insufficient SOL: SOL is required to pay network fees (gas), it's recommended to keep at least 0.05 SOL in your wallet to ensure smooth transactions.
Slippage Tolerance: Transactions will fail if the price of the underlying pool moves past your Slippage Tolerance. Try increasing your slippage tolerance on the Swap page.
Approving Transactions: If you see the “Making Transaction” notification in the lower left-hand corner of your screen, you will need to approve the transaction in your SPL wallet.
There are rare occurrences where the swap and/or cleanup of your transaction don't go through. You may end up with some wrapped Sol. No worries! Wrapped Sol is a version of Sol used by the smart contracts on-chain and is redeemable for Sol 1:1.
Go to https://raydium.io/swap, the interface will automatically detect the wrapped Sol and offer to swap them for Sol.
Some tokens on Raydium are wrapped. For example, wBTC, wETH are wrapped by Wormhole using the Portal bridge. Portal offers a tool to bridge ERC20 tokens directly from MetaMask.
Some other tokens may also be wrapped assets coming from other bridges. It's highly suggested to research a bridge before bridging assets or swapping for wrapped assets. If you have any doubt about how a specific token is wrapped, please confirm on Discord or Telegram. Other assets are SPL (Solana native) tokens.