Liquidity providing FAQ
APRs (annual percentage rate) displayed on Raydium are extrapolations of the pool and farm yield based on the daily (by default) or weekly or monthly performance. The provided APRs serve as examples only, and it's important to note that previous performance does not ensure future profits.
Liquidity providers earn transaction fees from swaps within the pool. Additionally, the Raydium AMM market makes on the Open Book order book, with earnings from maker volume also returned to liquidity providers in the relevant pool.
When you add liquidity to a pool you will receive Liquidity Provider tokens (LP tokens) which represent your proportional share of the pooled assets. For example, if a user deposited $RAY and $USDC into a pool, you would receive RAY-USDC LP tokens.
Every time a user swaps within the pool between $RAY and $USDC, a 0.25% fee is taken. 0.22% of that trade goes back to the LP pool. 0.03% of that goes to RAY staking.
- Previously, if there were 100 LP tokens representing 100 USDC and 100 RAY, each token would be worth 1 USDC & 1 RAY.
- If one user trades 10 USDC for 10 RAY, and another traded 10 RAY for 10 USDC, then there would now be 100.022 USDC and 100.022 RAY.
- This means each LP token would be worth 1.00022 USDC and 1.00022 RAY now when it is now withdrawn.
Additionally, if there is a farm for the tokens you're LP-ing, you will be able to earn additional tokens.
CLMMs - Concentrated Liquidity Market Makers - are designed for advanced liquidity provision on DEXs. While the past iterations of Raydium's liquidity pools work on the constant product model with liquidity provided along an X*Y=K price curve, assets were reserved for all prices on the interval [0;∞] resulting in the majority of the liquidity never being used to earn fees.
CLMMs allow LPs to concentrate their liquidity on custom price ranges providing them the opportunity to leverage or provide more liquidity at desired prices. Solving the inactive liquidity problem, CLMM provides the best capital efficiency while increasing the liquidity depth around the actual price translating to lower slippage on swaps.
Allowing liquidity providers to deposit liquidity in a chosen range, CLMM pools increase both the yield and the IL risk. Moreover, giving liquidity providers more granularity while providing liquidity allows LPs to adopt different risk profiles depending on the directional exposure one wants to take on token pairs.
For CLMM pools you won't receive LP tokens per se. Instead, you'll get a position NFT that represents your position in the pool (liquidity and price range). If it is burned or otherwise lost, the associated liquidity cannot be withdrawn or retrieved. It is possible to send or trade a pool position NFTs. However, if sold any associated liquidity is also sold and will no longer be held by the original owner.
When closing a position and withdrawing liquidity, the network fees for the NFT mint will be reimbursed.
Insufficient SOL: SOL is required to pay network fees (gas), it's recommended to keep at least 0.05 SOL in your wallet to ensure smooth transactions.
Slippage Tolerance: Transactions will fail if the price of the underlying pool moves past your Slippage Tolerance. Try increasing your slippage tolerance on the Swap page.
Approving Transactions: If you see the “Making Transaction” notification in the lower left-hand corner of your screen, you will need to approve the transaction in your SPL wallet.